The first & free online encyclopaedia is celebrating birthday today. Wikipedia started in 15th January 2015 is now seventh most popular website in the world. Wikipedia includes more than 38 million articles and offered in 289 languages.
Wiki contents are open & hard work of contributors around the world is behind it. Wikipedia has total worldwide monthly readership of about 495 million. Wikipedia is working under a non-profit Wikimedia Foundation in San Francisco.
— Wikipedia (@Wikipedia) January 15, 2016
History of Wikipedia – Credits Wikipedia 🙂
The History of Wikipedia formally began with the launch of Wikipedia on 15 January 2001 by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger; however, its technological and conceptual underpinnings predate this; the earliest known proposal for an online encyclopedia was made by Rick Gates in 1993, but the concept of a free-as-in-freedom online encyclopedia (asdistinct from mere open source or freemium) was proposed by Richard Stallman in December 2000.
Crucially, Stallman’s concept specifically included the idea that no central organization should control editing. This “massively multiplayer” characteristic was in stark contrast to contemporary digital encyclopedias such as Microsoft Encarta, Encyclopædia Britannica, and even Bomis’s Nupedia, which was Wikipedia’s direct predecessor. In 2001, the license for Nupedia was changed to GFDL, and Wales and Sanger launched Wikipedia using the concept and technology of a wiki pioneered in 1995 by Ward Cunningham. Initially, Wikipedia was intended to complement Nupedia, an online encyclopedia project edited solely by experts, by providing additional draft articles and ideas for it. In practice, Wikipedia quickly overtook Nupedia, becoming a global project in multiple languages and inspiring a wide range of other online reference projects.